Israel offers a glimpse of life after herd immunity: With 80% of adults vaccinated, cases have dropped to 15 per day

Israel offers a glimpse of life after herd immunity: With 80% of adults vaccinated, cases have dropped to 15 per day
行人在2021年4月18日在特拉维夫的一家大道走。 Amir Cohen/Reuters
  • 以色列在周二提出了一些最后的Covid-19限制,因为新案件每天下降到15次。
  • 一些专家认为,以色列通过疫苗接种80%的成年人达到了畜群免疫力。
  • But international travelers could still bring the virus in, despite Israel's tight travel restrictions.

As the US scrambles to incentivize people to get vaccinated, Israel is reaping the benefits of its successful vaccine rollout: The nation reported just 15 new daily coronavirus cases, on average, in the last week - its lowest count in more than a year.

感染的下降是如此令人鼓舞,以色列周二举起了一些最后剩余的冠状病毒限制。rayapp3雷竞技官网APP企业现在可以全容量运营,居民不再需要证明他们已被接种接种接种的餐馆,体育赛事或娱乐场所。
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Even before the new rule, Israel's schools were fully open, masks were no longer required outdoors, and mass gatherings were taking place across the country. Now Israel's only barrier to normal life is a requirement to wear masks in public indoor spaces - a rule that could be lifted as soon as next week, according to Israeli health officials.
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"This is probably the end of COVID in Israel, at least in terms of the current strains that we know," Dr. Eyal Zimlichman, deputy director general at Sheba Medical Center, Israel's largest hospital, told Insider. "We've obviously reached herd immunity."

科学家们之前估计了这一点达到牧群免疫力- the threshold beyond which the virus can't easily pass from person to person - would require countries to fully vaccinate 70% to 85% of their residents. But Israel has vaccinated just 60% of its citizens, or roughly 80% of its adult population, so far. Vaccines haven't been authorized there for children under 16 yet.

Zimlichman表示,这是一个迹象,其他国家可以征服与类似的疫苗接种水平相似的疫情。他估计,大约70%的以色列公民现在通过疫苗或自然感染对病毒具有免疫力。
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"We know now for sure that this number is enough to create herd immunity," he said.

Israel's vaccine passport created an incentive

Israel offers a glimpse of life after herd immunity: With 80% of adults vaccinated, cases have dropped to 15 per day
Israelis show off their "green passes" as they arrive for a concert for vaccinated seniors at Bloomfield Stadium in Tel Aviv on March 5, 2021. Jack Geuz/AFP/Getty Images
专家希望美国追随以色列的轨迹:该国家已全面接种了52%的成年人,占居民的41%。但是四月凯撒家族基金会民意调查发现,13%的美国人永远不会打算接种疫苗,而15%仍在等待决定。另外6%的人表示,如果工作,学校或其他活动需要镜头,他们只会接种疫苗。
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"I'm optimistic about actually getting to 60%, but the daily reported doses have been decreasing since around mid-April," Jorge Alfaro-Murillo, an associate research scientist at the Yale School of Public Health, told Insider. "The first people who get the vaccine are of course going to be the ones that were more willing to take it."

The US is vaccinating less than 1.2 million people per day, on average, compared to 3.3 million at its peak in mid-April. States are now incentivizing people to get vaccinated by offering lottery tickets, vacations, or cash prizes.

Israel took a different approach to vaccine incentives: Its Green Pass system allowed people to enter restaurants, sporting events, museums, gyms, and hotels only if they showed proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test.
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"Life became much easier for you if you were vaccinated and that was another incentive for people," Zimlichman said. "They didn't want to feel like second-level citizens."

None of this has been true in the Palestinian territories, however. Less than 5% of the Palestinian population has been fully vaccinated. (Palestinians in East Jerusalem have access to Israeli health insurance, but that doesn't extend to Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.)

几个人权组织呼吁以色列给巴勒斯坦人疫苗right away.
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“在巴勒斯坦社区中,如果他们没有尽可能多地接种疫苗,那么这是一个可以避免疫苗保护的新菌株,那么这将是一个大问题,”萨法鲁 - 穆里罗说。

Mass gatherings in Israel put vaccines to the test

Israel offers a glimpse of life after herd immunity: With 80% of adults vaccinated, cases have dropped to 15 per day
2021年4月30日,以色列镇的一条拥挤的街道。 Jack Guez / AFP / Getty Images

以色列的疫苗接种活动已经有效结束。

"We're not seeing more people get vaccinated - it's pretty rare at this point," Zimlichman said. "Those that wanted to get vaccinated had more than enough opportunities at every age level over the age of 16."
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现在,该国的疫苗接种率正在按大规模集会进行测试。

4月下旬,tens of thousands of Israelis gathered in Galileefor Lag B'Omer, a Jewish holiday - the largest public gathering in Israel since the start of the pandemic. A stampede at the event killed dozens and left around 150 people hospitalized.Then last month, many Israelis crowded in bomb shelters amid the violent clashes between Israel and Gaza.
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虽然,感染持续下降:以色列的平均每周冠状病毒病例在上个月下降了80%。

“如果你来到以色列,那么这个意义就是这是一个没有任何Covid的国家,”Sheba Medical Centre的传染性疾病专家对眼睛leeshem告诉Insider。

以色列仍然关闭大多数旅行者

Israel offers a glimpse of life after herd immunity: With 80% of adults vaccinated, cases have dropped to 15 per day
Israelis and vaccinated tourists get tested for COVID-19 upon arrival to Israel's Ben Gurion airport on May 23, 2021. Jack Guez / AFP / Getty Images
Part of Israel's success may have to do with the nation's tight travel restrictions. It's is still closed off to most tourists, and incoming travelers are required to quarantine for two weeks, then take a COVID-19 test on their ninth day in the country.
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以色列公民必须获得特殊许可前往9个国家,感染率高或冠状病毒变种广泛传播:阿根廷,巴西,埃塞俄比亚,印度,墨西哥,俄罗斯,南非,土耳其和乌克兰。

The US, by contrast, just recommends that Americans avoid countries with high transmission. Residents are allowed back into the US by presenting a negative COVID-19 test. Fully vaccinated Americans don't have to quarantine after returning to the country.

"We're much bigger than Israel and we also have a lot more people that are coming in and going out of the country," Alfaro-Murillo said. "I don't feel like this is going to be over until the whole world is where Israel is right now."
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